1. International Women's Day Centenary
International Women's Day Centenary sees largest ever activity
London, March 2, 2011: March 8 sees the highest level of global women's activity ever witnessed as groups celebrate the International Women's Day centenary.
The first International Women's Day events were run in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland in 1911 and attended by over one million people. 100 years on, International Women's Day (IWD) has become a global mainstream phenomena celebrated across many countries and is an official holiday in approximately 25 countries including Afghanistan, Russia, Ukraine, Vietnam and Zambia.
8 March sees extensive global women's activity. Performer and social activist, Annie Lennox, will lead a mass march across London's Millennium Bridge for charity. In Washington D.C. over a thousand people will descend on Capitol Hill demanding a better world for millions of marginalized women and girls around the globe. A major international businesswomen's conference will be hosted in Sydney, Australia. Schools and governments around the world are participating in the day. Trade Unions and charities are campaigning. Global corporations are hosting conferences and distributing extensive resource packs. The United Nations Secretary-General delivers a formal message. The United States even designates the whole month of March as Women's History Month as officially proclaimed by President Obama on February 28, 2011.
International Women's Day is a global celebration of the economic, political, and social achievements of women past, present, and future. However, activity has not always been on the increase. Australian entrepreneur and women's campaigner Glenda Stone, who founded the www.internationalwomensday.com website, a global hub of events and information, said:
"A decade ago International Women's Day was disappearing. Activity in Europe, where International Women's Day actually began, was very low. Providing a global online platform helped sustain and accelerate momentum for this important day. Holding only a handful of events ten years ago, the United Kingdom has now become the global leader for International Women's Day activity, followed sharply by Canada, United States and Australia. 2011 will see thousands of events globally for the first time."
More recently, social networking websites like Twitter, Facebook and Youtube have also helped fuel International Women's Day activity. Generally the day has moved away from its socialist Suffragette beginnings to become more mainstream in celebrating women's achievements. Women's rights campaigners, however, continue to remind that vigilance rather than complacency is essential in striving for women's equality.
About International Women's Day
About the www.internationalwomensday.com website
- International Women's Day (8 March) is a global day celebrating the economic, political and social achievements of women past, present and future.
- In some places like China, Russia, Vietnam and Bulgaria, International Women's Day is a national holiday.
- The first IWD was observed on 19 March 1911 in Germany following a declaration by the Socialist Party of America. The idea of having an international women's day was first put forward at the turn of the 20th century amid rapid world industrialization and economic expansion that led to protests over working conditions.
- 2011 sees the International Women's Day centenary fall on the same say as Shrove (pancake) Tuesday.
- For a detailed list of International Women's Day events globally see http://www.internationalwomensday.com/events.asp
- Follow the International Women's Day Twitter feed at http://www.twitter.com/womensday
- For more information see http://www.internationalwomensday.com/about.asp
- For International Women's Day logos and usage guidelines, see http://www.internationalwomensday.com/linkto.asp
- The internationalwomensday.com website is a global hub for sharing International Women's Day news, events and resource.
- The internationalwomensday.com website receives significant traffic in the lead up to and post International Women's Day (8 March) with well over 100,000 unique visitors using the website on International Women's Day alone. Over 1,500 websites link to the IWD website.
- The Top 30 countries that generate traffic to the internationalwomensday.com website are (in order) United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, India, Ireland, France, Philippines, Singapore, Netherlands, Germany, Malaysia, Pakistan, Mexico, Spain, Kenya, Belgium, New Zealand, Hong Kong, South Africa, Switzerland, China, Austria, Israel, Romania, United Arab Emirates, Brazil, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nigeria.
- 2011 traffic is expected to be well in excess of previous traffic levels due to the notable increased level of activity due to 2011 being the Centenary Year and in light of increased global awareness of the importance of the day.
2. Status of the World's Women and Girls as of 2011
The following is reprinted with permission from:
Donna Clifton and Charlotte Feldman-Jacobs, "International Women's Day: 100 Years" (March 2011), accessed at
www.prb.org. © 2011, Population Reference Bureau.
March 8, 2011 marked the 100th anniversary of International Women's Day, an occasion to look back on past struggles and accomplishments, look forward to the opportunities that await future generations of women, and continue to work for meaningful change.
Download The World's Women and Girls 2011 Data Sheet (PDF: 684KB)
Download a Fact Sheet about The World's Women and Girls 2011 Data Sheet (PDF: 508KB)
Download The World's Women and Girls 2011 Data Sheet (PowerPoint: 512KB) Drawing on PRB's The World's Women and Girls 2011 Data Sheet, this PowerPoint presentation is designed to bring attention to and present accurate data on fertility, contraceptive use, early marriage, gender-based violence, and more. The presentation includes data comparisons within and among countries, as well as trends. Notes are included.
Listen to an interview with Nafis Sadik, Special Envoy of the UN Secretary-General for HIV/AIDS in Asia/Pacific and former Executive Director of UNFPA.
PRB Women's Edition Journalists' Stories, Features, and Photos on International Women's Day from Malawi, Nigeria, and Pakistan
Report by Donna Clifton and Charlotte Feldman-Jacobs
(March 2011) March 8, 2011, marks the 100th anniversary of International Women's Day. The past 100 years has witnessed much progress but there remains an unfinished agenda in many regions of the world. International Women's Day traces its roots back to the second International Conference of Working Women held in Copenhagen in 1910. Over 100 female delegates from 17 countries voted unanimously that every year, in every country, the same day should be observed to call attention to their needs. The first International Women's Day was launched the following year in 1911, nearly a decade before women in the United States would even have the right to vote.
International Women's Day has taken on a broader meaning for women in both developed and developing countries. Thanks to the growing international women's movement, bolstered by four global United Nations women's conferences, the day now signifies a time to build support for women's rights and equality in a number of arenas, including education, economics, and politics. The theme of this year's International Women's Day is "Equal Access to Education, Training, and Science and Technology: Pathway to Decent Work for Women."
Gender equality and the empowerment of women are at the heart of many national and international commitments, including the UN Millennium Development Goals, but progress has been uneven and sluggish. While some developing regions have reached or are approaching gender parity in youth literacy and secondary school enrollment, challenges lie ahead for many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, and Western and South Central Asia.
Despite legal means, early marriage (before the age of 18) persists, along with the associated risks of adolescent childbearing. Early marriage can also curtail the opportunities girls may have for education. In countries and regions with the highest proportions of early marriage, girls' educational attainment is adversely affected. Literacy rates, primary school completion, and secondary school enrollment are all lower than that of boys.
In developing countries, 35 percent of women ages 20 to 24 report having been married by age 18. And, in the poorest regions of the world, according to The World's Women and Girls 2011 Data Sheet, the proportion is even higher, with levels ranging from 45 percent in South Central Asia to nearly 40 percent in sub-Saharan Africa. Nine countries have prevalence rates above 50 percent.
In sub-Saharan Africa, the total fertility rate (TFR) is 5.2 children per woman, the highest of any world region. But, in countries such as Mali, Niger, Somalia, and Uganda, where use of family planning is relatively low, the TFR is closer to seven children per woman. Lack of partner support is often cited as a reason for not using family planning, more evidence of women's lack of decisionmaking power.
In Kenya, for example, the TFR is 4.7 children per woman. However, even in the same country, women and men have diverse views about ideal family size, ranging from three children among women in the wealthiest 20 percent of the population, to six children among men in the poorest 20 percent.
There have been many successes to celebrate over the last hundred years, but challenges still remain in overcoming barriers to gender equality. International Women's Day is an occasion to look back on past struggles and accomplishments, look forward to the opportunities that await future generations of women, and continue to work for meaningful change.
Donna Clifton is communications specialist, International Programs, and Charlotte Feldman-Jacobs is program director, Gender, at the Population Reference Bureau.
3. Gender Equality in Asia and the Pacific
Power, Voice and Rights: A Turning Point for Gender Equality in Asia and the Pacific|
Regional Human Development Report Asia-Pacific, UNDP, November 2010
For free download, click here.
"In every country across Asia and the Pacific, pervasive gender inequality remains a barrier to progress, justice and social stability, and deprives the region of a significant source of human
potential. Inequality persists despite robust growth and progress, and cuts even deeper for poorer or otherwise excluded groups. It is time to catalyze change by focusing on institutions in three arenas—economics, politics and the law. Deliberate public policy choices, combined with attitudes and assessments that favour social justice can foster progress towards gender equality." (Page 1)
This may be the most alarming statement in this report:
"More boys than girls are born in Asia as a whole than in any other region of the world. And the divide is increasing over time. East Asia has the highest male-to-female sex ratio at birth—119 boys for every 100 girls. This exceeded the world average of 107 boys for every 100 girls during the 2000-2005 period (Figure 1.2). The high sex ratio indicates a strong preference for male children and the deliberate use of certain means to achieve it—a form of gender inequality that begins even before birth." (Page 34)
If abortion is a crime, selective abortion of baby girls makes the crime even more repulsive.
4. Time to Make the Promise of Equality a Reality
Time to Make the Promise of Equality a Reality|
Statement by Michelle Bachelet,
Executive Director, UN Women
International Women's Day, 8 March 2011
A hundred years ago today, women across the world took an historic step on the long road to equality. The first ever International Women's Day was called to draw attention to the unacceptable and often dangerous working conditions that so many women faced worldwide. Although the occasion was celebrated in only a handful of countries, it brought over one million women out onto the streets, demanding not just better conditions at work but also the right to vote, to hold office and to be equal partners with men.
I suspect those courageous pioneers would look at our world today with a mixture of pride and disappointment. There has been remarkable progress as the last century has seen an unprecedented expansion of women's legal rights and entitlements. Indeed, the advancement of women's rights can lay claim to be one of the most profound social revolutions the world has seen.
One hundred years ago, only two countries allowed women to vote. Today, that right is virtually universal and women have now been elected to lead Governments in every continent. Women, too, hold leading positions in professions from which they were once banned. Far more recently than a century ago, the police, courts and neighbors still saw violence in the home as a purely private matter. Today two-thirds of countries have specific laws that penalize domestic violence and the United Nations Security Council now recognizes sexual violence as a deliberate tactic of war.
But despite this progress over the last century, the hopes of equality expressed on that first International Women's Day are a long way from being realized. Almost two out of three illiterate adults are women. Girls are still less likely to be in school than boys. Every 90 seconds of every day, a woman dies in pregnancy or due to childbirth-related complications despite us having the knowledge and resources to make birth safe.
Across the world, women continue to earn less than men for the same work. In many countries, too, they have unequal access to land and inheritance rights. And despite high-profile advances, women still make up only 19 per cent of legislatures, 8% of peace negotiators, and only 28 women are heads of state or government.
It is not just women who pay the price for this discrimination. We all suffer for failing to make the most of half the world's talent and potential. We undermine the quality of our democracy, the strength of our economies, the health of our societies and the sustainability of peace. This year's focus of International Women's Day on women's equal access to education, training, science and technology underscores the need to tap this potential.
The agenda to secure gender equality and women's rights is a global agenda, a challenge for every country, rich and poor, north and south. It was in recognition of both its universality and the rewards if we get this right that the United Nations brought together four existing organizations to create UN Women. The goal of this new body, which I have the great privilege to lead, is to galvanize the entire UN system so we can deliver on the promise of the UN Charter of equal rights of men and women. It is something I have fought for my whole life.
As a young mother and a pediatrician, I experienced the struggles of balancing family and career and saw how the absence of child care prevented women from paid employment. The opportunity to help remove these barriers was one of the reasons I went into politics. It is why I supported policies that extended health and childcare services to families and prioritized public spending for social protection.
As President, I worked hard to create equal opportunities for both men and women to contribute their talents and experiences to the challenges facing our country. That is why I proposed a Cabinet that had an equal number of men and women.
As Executive Director of UN Women, I want to use my journey and the collective knowledge and experience all around me to encourage progress towards true gender equality across the world. We will work, in close partnership, with men and women, leaders and citizens, civil society, the private sector and the whole UN system to assist countries to roll out policies, programs and budgets to achieve this worthy goal.
I have seen myself what women, often in the toughest circumstances, can achieve for their families and societies if they are given the opportunity. The strength, industry and wisdom of women remain humanity's greatest untapped resource. We simply cannot afford to wait another 100 years to unlock this potential.
About the author: Michelle Bachelet is the first Executive Director of UN Women, a newly formed UN organization dedicated to gender equality and the empowerment of women. She is the former President of Chile. For her remarks at the launching of UN Women on 24 February 2011, click here.
5. UN Women: Vision and 100-Day Action Plan
UN Women: Vision and 100-Day Action Plan|
Michelle Bachelet, January 2011
Source: UN Women
UN member states, recognizing the potential of gender equality to accelerate progress on development and peace, established a new entity:
UN Women. As its first leader, I am determined that UN Women will be a catalyst for change, offering new energy, drawing on core ideas and values, and bringing together countries and communities in a shared endeavour. The Vision and 100-Day Action Plan sets out core principles and priorities and identifies key short-term actions to build a strong UN Women. The document anticipates the detailed Strategic Plan (2012–2013) I will present to the Executive Board in June 2011 and provides a basis for our collaboration in making UN Women a leader for promoting stronger support, greater coherence and accountability across the UN system in advancing gender equality.
UN Women's vision is one where men and women have equal opportunities and capacities, where women are empowered and the where the principles of gender equality are firmly embedded in all efforts to advance development, peace and security. Our fundamental objective is to enhance national capacity and ownership to enable national partners to formulate gender-responsive laws and policies and to scale up successful strategies to deliver on national commitments to gender equality.
To meet this objective, UN Women will centre its work around 5 core principles: 1) providing demand-driven support to national partners to enhance implementation of international agreements and standards; 2) supporting intergovernmental processes to strengthen the global normative and policy framework on gender equality; 3) advocating for gender equality and women's empowerment, championing the rights of women and girls — particularly those who are most excluded; 4) Leading and promoting coherence in UN system work on gender equality; and 5) Acting as a global broker of knowledge and experience, aligning practice with normative guidance.
UN Women will harness the full capacity and comparative advantage of each part of the UN system to improve the impact and results of the system's efforts to support countries to advance gender equality. Recognizing specific country contexts and national and UN Country Teams (UNCT) capacities on gender equality, UN Women will focus on 5 Thematic Priorities:
1) Expanding women's voice, leadership and participation working with partners to close the gaps in women's leadership and participation in all sectors and demonstrate the benefits to such leadership for society as a whole;
2) Ending violence against women by enabling states to set up mechanisms to formulate and enforce laws, policies and services that protect women and girls, promote the involvement of men and boys, and prevent violence. UN Women will work with UN partners, such as UNICEF, UNFPA and WHO, to scale up support to countries;
3) Strengthening implementation of women's peace and security agenda through women's full participation in conflict resolution and peace processes, gender-responsive early-warning, protection from sexual violence and redress for its survivors in accordance with UN Resolutions;
4) Enhancing women's economic empowerment is particularly important in the context of global economic and environmental crises. UN Women will work with governments and multilateral partners (UNDP, ILO, World Bank, regional development banks) to ensure the full realization of women's economic security and rights, including to productive assets and social protection.
5) Making gender equality priorities central to national, local and sectoral planning, budgeting and statistics: Working with UNCTs and other partners, UN Women will support evidence-based planning to assist countries to formulate and cost gender equality plans, ensure gender-responsive budgeting, support CEDAW reporting and build national capacity for CEDAW implementation.
The 55th session of the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) in February 2011 provides an opportunity to support Member States and civil society partners to see how commitments and recommendations can be translated into concrete actions, and how UN Women can effectively advance such actions. UN Women will be formally launched on 24 February in New York. We are counting on a number of influential men and women and youth from around the world to join us that day and to remain engaged with UN Women to help us challenge the misperception that gender equality is only of concern to women.
During UN Women's first 100 days, the following actions will be taken:
To see a notable difference in the UN system's delivery at country level, UN Women must have relevant and capable teams of experts where the needs are greatest. I have initiated a Field Capacity Assessment to identify gaps in UN Women capacity to assist national partners and UNCTs and will use the findings to address the most serious of these gaps in 2011 at country level. Strengthening institutional and operational support and finalizing the appointment of UN Women's Senior Management Team is a key priority.
Promoting UN System coordination
Together with the UN Development Group (UNDG), UN Women will prepare a system-wide coordination strategy on gender equality in the first half of 2011, with clear deliverables for UN Women and the UN System, to promote greater coherence in line with existing agencies' mandates and priorities. UN Women will develop a shared resource tracking system for the UN system, building on the work already being done by some UN agencies to track resources spent on gender.
Expanding women's voice, leadership and participation
UN Women will partner with academic networks around the globe to promote women's and girls' leadership and empowerment. In this context, UN Women will partner with the Global Colloquium of University Presidents starting with their annual meeting in April 2011 focused on "Empowering women to change the world — what Universities and the UN can do." Women's political leadership and economic autonomy will be increased through a new round of grants from the Multi-Donor Fund for Gender Equality. An additional US$16 million in grants will be awarded to government and non-governmental partners for implementation of policies to advance women's political and economic empowerment during the first half of 2011.
Ending violence against women
As the Secretariat for the Secretary-General's UNiTE campaign and manager of the UN Trust Fund to End Violence against Women, UN Women will energize system-wide efforts to end violence against women. Together with other UN leaders I will join the UNiTE campaign and encourage countries to adopt minimal response standards to violence against women by 2015, with concrete benchmarks. Progress will be tracked through the Secretary-General's database on violence against women; lessons and best practices will be shared through the Virtual Knowledge Centre on Ending Violence against Women. Together with UNICEF, UN Women will work on a joint initiative on Global Safe Cities for Women and Girls expected to create synergies aimed at enhancing capacity of local authorities, women's and youth groups, and community-based organizations, that could lead to the reduction of violence against women and girls and the creation of safer public spaces for women and girls and men and boys in urban settings.
Strengthening the women's peace and security agenda
UN Women will lead the development of a Strategic Framework for the UN system implementation of UNSCR 1325 in partnership with UN entities and support further development of indicators on implementation. It will support women in peace negotiations, increase number of senior women mediators and gender experts, and finalize guidance for mediators together with DPA; and lead the implementation of the 7-Point Action Plan on Women's Participation in Peace building with the Peace Building Support Office (PBSO). It will continue to work with the Office of the Secretary General's Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, to define and test early warning indicators for conflict-related sexual violence. In partnership with OHCHR, it will review existing practice and guidance on reparations for conflict-related sexual violence and formulate guidance on addressing this issue in reparations programmes and with the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO), it will finalize and test innovative pre-deployment training for peacekeeping troops in Nepal, Indonesia and Bangladesh.
Enhancing women's economic empowerment
Working with UNDP, ILO, and IFIs, UN Women will support development of a UN strategy to advance women's economic empowerment. It will first map complementary efforts and capacities of UN partners — from gender and trade and employment policy to support to rural women farmers. UN Women will work with the World Bank to regularly produce a global "Women's Economic Opportunity Index." On-going UN processes, including preparations for Rio +20 and the 4th Conference on Least Developed Countries in May 2011, provide opportunities to draw attention to economic empowerment for rural women. Together with Canadian CIDA, UN Women will convene a conference bringing together policy thinkers, development practitioners, private sector entrepreneurs and women from developing countries engaged in all aspects of the economy. The outcome will produce tangible actions to support women's economic empowerment.
Making gender equality priorities central to national, local and sectoral planning, budgets and statistics
Beginning in 2011, UN Women will support national partners in the preparation of high-quality and regularly updated situation analysis on the state of women and girls in all countries in which it works, providing a basis for effective budgets, policies and legislation. Together with ILO, it will launch the UN-EC Partnership on Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment, focusing on financing for Gender Equality at national level. Together with UN human rights mechanisms and OHCHR, it will provide technical expertise to link monitoring and reporting with actions to implement the CEDAW Convention and develop a technical support programme to States Parties to engage with the CEDAW reporting process, prioritizing countries with the greatest capacity constraints.
Aware that demands extend beyond the five thematic priorities and with a view to accelerating progress to achieve the MDGs, UN Women will support UN partners in areas such as HIV and AIDS, the Global Migration Group, system-wide efforts on the Rule of Law, climate change, social protection, education, maternal and child health. It will be flexible and responsive to the priority needs of Member States and other partners drawing on gender equality experts within and outside the UN system to respond to emerging issues.
Strategic and innovative partnerships
UN Women constituencies include Member States, women's organizations, and UN organizations. Building of partnerships with women in government and civil society, from parliament to community based organizations; and with groups that are most excluded, including HIV positive women, women from minority groups, women with disabilities, informal and migrant women workers and rural or urban poor women will be a key priority. UN Women's research and training agenda will be implemented through partnerships with academia, think tanks and research centres. Within the United Nations, it will continue to support inter-agency initiatives and joint programmes and partnerships with UN entities in areas of their comparative advantage.
As part of consultations for UN-Women Strategic Plan 2012-2013, I will visit all the regions in which we work during the first quarter of 2011 to hear from governments, civil society and UNCTs and meeting with women at all levels; I will also appoint an NGO Advisory Group to advise me as Executive Director, through which NGOs can share their perspectives, expertise and knowledge and provide a channel for our on-going collaboration.
Mobilizing resources for gender equality
UN Women's partnership strategy focuses on:
Encouraging sustainable and predictable funding, including multi-year pledges, relying on long-standing partnerships with UN Member States to mobilize 50% of core support by the end of 2011; expanding partnerships with the private sector, foundations and individuals; and initiating electronic giving and internet campaigns.
Continued support for gender equality multi-donor trust funds, including the Fund for Gender Equality and the UN Trust Fund to End Violence against Women. These funds have generated extraordinary demand, have high absorptive capacity and relatively low transaction costs; they provide grants to gender equality advocates to achieve tangible solutions at local and national levels. In 2011, individuals will be invited to donate to a new Savings Account for the World's Women, the interest from which will be used to support programmes for the poorest women.
UN Women will also mobilize political and financial support for gender equality as a whole, including UN partners. Ultimately, the resources allocated to UN Women, and to support gender equality more broadly, reflect government commitment to an issue where their stated positions are unequivocal. That is why I will call upon governments to demonstrate their support to gender equality by ensuring that UN Women meets its target of US$500 million by the end of 2011.
6. Gender, Humiliation, and Global Security
Gender, Humiliation, and Global Security:|
Dignifying Relationships from Love, Sex, and Parenthood to World Affairs
Foreword by Archbishop Desmond Mpilo Tutu
Evelin Lindner, HumanDHS, 2010
The Gender, Humiliation, and Global Security book is being "highly recommended" by Choice as follows (in July 2010): "In this far-ranging, sometimes brilliant book, Lindner (Columbia Univ. and Oslo Univ.) studies the social and political ramifications of human violations and world crises related to humiliation, defined as the enforced lowering of a person or group, a process of subjugation that harms or removes the dignity, pride, and honor of the other.
A "transdisciplinary social scientist," the author charts how humiliation--and its antidote, love--are conditioned by large-scale, systemic social forces such as globalization. The force of this book resides in its construction of a compelling, compassionate alternative to the psychological effects of humiliation on gender and sexual relations, parenthood, and leadership. For Lindner, this alternative is not only love but also its psychological correlate, humility, both of which can become the basis of the social, political, and cultural change necessary to reform the harmful global tendency toward humiliation.
Lindner's philosophy is avowedly non-dualist and rooted in ancient Eastern wisdom. A powerful follow up to her Making Enemies: Humiliation and International Conflict (CH, March 2007, 44-4114), this book appears in the "Contemporary Psychology" series; it will be indispensable for psychologists, humanists, and political scientists and invaluable to policy makers. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through faculty and professionals. -- M. Uebel, University of Texas" (Choice is a publication of the Association of College & Research Libraries (ACRL), a division of the American Library Association)
7. The Challenges of Gender Equality in Chile
Género: Los Desafíos de la Igualdad (Gender: The Challenges of Equality)|
Reporte Nacional de Desarrollo Humano - Chile, UNDP, Noviembre 2010
National Human Development Report - Chile, UNDP, November 2010
Note: This report is currently available in Spanish only (English translation pending)
"Este informe pretende contribuir a la evaluación de la situación actual y a los cambios producidos en materia de igualdad de género. Chile ha experimentado notables avances en las últimas décadas
al respecto. Estos se aprecian en una mayor igualación de las capacidades y oportunidades de hombres y mujeres; en la existencia de un nuevo marco de leyes y políticas que promueven dicha igualdad y también en la mayor legitimidad que ha alcanzado la igualdad de género en la sociedad."
Translation by Mother Pelican:
This report attempts to provide an evaluation of the current situation and recent changes in matters of gender equality. In this regard, Chile has experienced significant advances in recent decades. These advances are manifested as greater equality in capacities and opportunities for men and women; the existence of a new framework of laws and policies that promote gender equality; and the growing legitimacy that the promotion of gender equality has gained in society.
8. Rising Tide: Gender equality & cultural change around the world
"The twentieth century gave rise to profound changes in traditional sex roles. However, the force of this rising tide has varied among rich and poor societies around the globe, as well as among younger and older generations. Rising Tide sets out to understand how modernization has changed cultural attitudes towards gender equality and to analyze the political consequences of this process. The core argument suggests that women and men's lives have been altered in a two-stage modernization process consisting of (i) the shift from agrarian to industrialized societies and (ii) the move from industrial towards post industrial societies. This book is the first to systematically compare attitudes towards gender equality worldwide, comparing almost 70 nations that run the gamut from rich to poor, agrarian to postindustrial. Rising Tide is essential reading for those interested in understanding issues of comparative politics, public opinion, political behavior, political development, and political sociology."
9. A World of Gender Justice and Equality
Rachel Siemons, Courtesy of Photoshare
"Women gather for a meeting with local government officials in Gorakhpur District, Uttar Pradesh, India. The meeting was arranged by Mahila Swasthya Adhikar Manch (MSAM), or Women's Health Rights Forum, a network of approximately 8,000 poor, rural, and tribal women leaders in 12 districts of Uttar Pradesh working toward realizing women's right to health and safe motherhood."
"The year is 2100 and I am attending the annual meeting of the Global Council of Peoples in the newly regenerated Amazon basin. Inspired by Costa Rica, the first nation in the world to dismantle its military and redirect public investments toward human development and conserving natural resources, the indigenous peoples of Latin America were early implementers of sweeping social changes that included laws ensuring the full and equal participation of women and freedom and equality for gay and transgender people.
"We are celebrating the 25th anniversary of Gender Justice and Equality, a global pact that guaranteed women's liberation and ...
To read the entire article, click here.