8. REFERENCES AND NOTES
In the following list of selected references, care has been taken to include references that reflect opposite viewpoints in some controversial issues. Some references are supplemented by significant quotations, and some are annotated as to their relevance to issues of solidarity, sustainability, patriarchy, gender equity, and sustainable human development.
René Girard (1923-) may be the most eminent literary critic and cultural anthropologist of the 20th century. It is not possible here to provide a detailed explanation of Girard's monumental work, which addresses critical issues of human knowledge and human development, and cuts across many disciplines including philosophy, psychoanalysis, anthropology, mythology, theology, and both the physical and social sciences. Girard has provided empirical support for his theory by careful analysis of extant literary sources from practically all cultures since the emergence of homo sapiens. Some scholars are still reluctant to embrace the Girardian system, but it may eventually be recognized to be on the same footing with Copernicus' heliocentric (Sun-centered) theory of the solar system and Darwin's theory of evolution. The following references are essential:
Violence and the Sacred, René Girard, Johns Hopkins Press, 1977.
Things Hidden Since the Foundation of the World, René Girard, Stanford University Press, 1978.
The Scapegoat, René Girard, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989, 232 pages.
Are the Gospels Mythical?, René Girard, First Things, Volume 62, April 1996.
The Girard Reader, René Girard, Herder & Herder, 1997, 303 pages.
I See Satan Fall Like Lightning, René Girard, Orbis, Maryknoll, N.Y., 2001.
Violence and religion: cause or effect?, René Girard, The Hedgehog Review, Institute for Advanced Studies in Culture, 22 March 2004.
Official website for exploration, criticism, and development of René Girard‘s Mimetic Theory, Dietmar Regensburger, Colloquium on Violence and Religion (COV&R), Institute for Systematic Theology, University of Innsbruck, Karl Rahner Platz 1, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria, 2006.
The following references are recommended for further study:
Mimetic Paradox and the Event of Human Origin, Eric Gans, Anthropoetics Volume I, Number 2, December 1995.
Violence Unveiled: Humanity at the Crossroads, Gil Bailie, Crossroad Classic, 1996, 239 pages.
Violence Renounced: Rene Girard, Biblical Studies, and Peacemaking, Willard M. Swartley (Editor), Studies in Peace and Scripture, 4, Pandora, 2000, 343 pages.
The Theory of Rene Girard and its Theological Implications - Part I ,
The Theory of Rene Girard and its Theological Implications - Part II,
The Theory of Rene Girard and its Theological Implications - Bibliography, Rob Moore, Kyrie, 2002.
Violence Renounced: Rene Girard, Biblical Studies, and Peacemaking, Marva J. Dawn, Theology Today, January 2002.
The Invention of the Female Mind: Women, Property and Gender Ideology in Archaic Greece, Hans Van Wees, Conference on Women and Property in Ancient Near Eastern and Mediterranean Societies, Center for Hellenic Studies, Harvard University, August 2003.
Women and Sacred Property: The Evidence from Greek Inscriptions, Diane Harris-Cline, Conference on Women and Property in Ancient Near Eastern and Mediterranean Societies, Center for Hellenic Studies, Harvard University, August 2003.
Women and Property in Persian Egypt and Mesopotamia, Annalisa Azzoni, Conference on Women and Property in Ancient Near Eastern and Mediterranean Societies, Center for Hellenic Studies, Harvard University, August 2003.
Mimesis as a phenomenon of semiotic communication, Timo Maran, Sign Systems Studies 31.1, 2003.
Violence & the Lamb Slain, Brian McDonald, Touchstone Magazine, December 2003.
Notes on the Origin of Patriarchy, Britton W. Johnston, Personal Web Page of Britton W. Johnston, 2003.
Rene Girard's Theory of Violence, Religion and the Scapegoat, Jeramy Townsley, Jeramy's Web Space, December 2003.
Some Implications of Girardian Theory for Problems in Theology, Britton W. Johnston, Personal Web Page of Britton W. Johnston, 2004.
Nature, Human Nature, and the Mimetic Theory, Colloquium on Violence and Religion, Annual Conference, Abiqiu, New Mexico, June 2004.
How Girard's Mimetic Theory Can Help Us Understand the Relationship Between Science and Religion, Britton W. Johnston, Metanexus Online Magazine, October 2004.
Rene Girard: Violence and Mimesis, Chris Fleming, Key Contemporary Thinkers, Polity Press, 2004, 211 pages.
Religion and Violence: the Suffering of Women, Susan Rakoczy, Sexuality in Africa, Volume 2, Issue 4, 2005.
Mission Imperative, Britton W. Johnston, Personal Web Page of Britton W. Johnston, 2005.
Daniel's Links to René Girard, Daniel and Rayli Nylund, Majatalo, Finland, 2006.
Girardian Reflections on the Lectionary: Understanding the Bible Anew Through the Mimetic Theory of René Girard , Paul Nuechterlein et al, Girardian Lectionary Net, 2006.
Exploring Faith and Engaging Culture, The Cornerstone Forum, Santa Rosa, California, 2006.
Girardian Theory - Mimesis, Richard Powell, Richard Powell Websites and Recommended Links, 2006.
Research Program Religion-Violence-Communication-World Order, Dietmar Regensburger, Faculty of Catholic Theology, University of Innsbruck, Austria, 2006.
What is Paul actually inviting the Corinthians to do?, Australian E-Journal of Theology, Issue 3, February 2003.
See, for example, Genesis 31:43, .Exodus 20:17, Deuteronomy 5:21.
The Paradox of Choice: Why More is Less, Barry Schwartz, Harper Collins, 2005, 265 pages. With regard to addictive wealth accumulation, see pages 23, 59, 106-110, 115, 172, 192-193, 196. Specifically on the issue of "oil addiction," see The hard truth about oil, Nelson D. Schwartz, Fortune Europe editor, Fortune, 9 February 2006.
Patriarchy and Accumulation on a World Scale, Maria Mies, Zed Books, 1986, 251 pages. With regard to power addiction, see pages 14, 25-27, 141, 145-173, 206, 218, 222, 229-230.
The Creation of Patriarchy, Gerda Lerner, Oxford University Press, 1986, 318 pages. With regard to seeking the esteem of the world, see page 80. See also The Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius, translated by Louis J. Puhl, S.J., Loyola University Press, 1951, 216 pages. On the wealth-power-honor chain, see section 142, page 61. St. Ignatius uses a slightly different terminology, but the concept is the same.
Living at the Edge: Sacrament and Solidarity in Leadership, Penny Jamieson, Mowbray, 1997, 200 pages. The quotation is from page 31.
The Scapegoat, René Girard, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989, 232 pages. The quotation is from page 141.
Girardian Reflections on the Lectionary, Paul Nuechterlein,
Understanding the Bible Anew Through the Mimetic Theory of René Girard, 29 October 2005.
Spear Led to Era of Early-Human Peace, Expert Says, Hillary Mayell, National Geographic News, 6 September 2005, and Early humans more peaceful than thought, Anne Minard, Arizona Daily Sun, 28 February 2006.
The Power of Partnership, Riane Eisler, New World Library, 2002, 279 pages. The quotation is from page 193.
For example, see the following:
Experiments in non-violence: A personal journey and its correspondence with the works of René Girard and Jim Douglass, Yann Forget, International Seminar for the 125th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, Gujarat Vidyapith, Ahmedabad, 6-8 November 1994.
Peacebuilding for a Culture of Peace Thesis, Angela Ward, PEACE.CA, May 1999.
The Roots of Violence, Dave Weissbard, UU Rockford, 17 October 1999.
Thinking About Violence in Our Schools, Barry Kort and Nancy Williams, Multi-User Science Education Network, 2001.
Women, Power, and the Biology of Peace, Judith L. Hand, Questpath, 2003.
Depolarizing a Hostile World - A Key to Peacemaking, Charles Notess, E-BOOK, 2005.
World Report on Culture of Peace, International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World (2001-2010), United Nations, 2005. The complete report is also available online: Midterm global review of the International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World, 2001-2010, UNESCO, 2005.
Canadian Centres for Teaching Peace, PEACE.CA, 2005.
Religion and Violence, Wabash Center, 26 February 2006.
My Core Convictions: Nonviolence and the Christian Faith, Paul Nuechterlein, Girardian Reflections on the Lectionary, 2 February 2006.
A Future Without War, Judith L. Hand, A Future Without War Website, 2006. A book of the same title is forthcoming.
Who Are More Helpful, Humans or Chimpanzees?, Joan B. Silk, Science, 3 March 2006, Vol. 311. no. 5765, pp. 1248 - 1249.
Chimpanzees Recruit the Best Collaborators, Alicia P. Melis, Brian Hare, and Michael Tomasello, Science, Vol. 311. no. 5765, 3 March 2006, pp. 1297 - 1300.
Altruistic Helping in Human Infants and Young Chimpanzees, Felix Warneken and Michael Tomasello, Science 3 March 2006, Vol. 311. no. 5765, pp. 1301 - 1303.
The Autumn of the Patriarch. Wikipedia, article on El Otoño del Patriarca, Gabriel García Márquez, 1975.
Take a look at these cartoons.
Preamble of the Constitution of UNESCO, adopted by the General Assembly, London, 16 November 1945. Manual of the General Conference, UNESCO, Paris, 2002.
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